Few factors that influence second language acquisition
Post On March 10, 2015 By Ron

Most ESL classrooms are diversified with some students learning a new language at a faster pace when compared to others. There are certain factors influencing the speed and adaptation of a new language which can be categorized as internal and external factors. Let’ take a glance on those crucial factors which interplay to bring about effective results.

Internal Factors:

1. Age of the learner influences the acquisition process. Children are often witnessed to adapt a language efficiently. While highly motivated old learners can also be fast at acquiring but usually struggle hard to achieve native-speaking pronunciation and intonation.

2. Personality is also a determining factor like introvert or anxious learners usually make slow progress particularly in their oral skills. While extrovert students are risk takers and hardly shy away in making mistakes. Thus they are keener towards practice.

3. Motivations whether intrinsic or extrinsic have greater impact on the overall progress. Like one example of intrinsic motivation could be a student who is self motivated to learn a language and takes pride in its progress are more successful compared to those who don’t. Again an ESL student who has the ambition to get hired in an international company is more likely to make greater efforts, is indeed a great example of extrinsic motivation.

4. Experienced learners are in an advantageous position in developing a new language than those who haven’t. Like a student who had prior experience in living in different places and working in association with different cultures are likely to learn at fast pace.

External factors:

1. For ESL students it is absolutely necessary that the totality of their educational experience is appropriate for their need. Language learning is less likely to place if the student is not allowed to take part in the mainstream program until they had reached a certain level of language proficiency or they are so submerged in the mainstream that they need extra assistance.

2. The students will make faster progress if the mainstream teachers like math or science teacher are also aware that she/he is also responsible for the students English language development and make certain activities in order to contribute to their development.

3. The opportunities to interact with native speakers both inside and outside the classroom are of significant advantage. This interaction can help in acquiring appropriate feedback. But without such access to native speakers could result in slow progress in oral aspect s of language acquisition.

All the above mentioned factors determine the second language acquisition. As a teacher your approach should be to follow and work on it. If you could gain a little out of it, it will ultimately help you to emerge as a popular Teacher in the ESL classroom.

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